domingo, janeiro 27

Não há recompensa sem esforço

23 comentários

É difícil ser breve quando se fala de um poeta que não cabe em si, de um poeta que extrapola sua própria personalidade ao ponto de em seus trabalhos subscrever-se por meio de heterônimos para dar vazão a toda sua criatividade.

Em apenas um dos poemas de Fernando Pessoa é possível encontrar fio para tecer muito discurso. O poema “Mar português”, tratado no post anterior, aparentemente simples, é na verdade muito rico de simbolismos e de conteúdos histórico e metafóricos.

Na terceira estrofe o poema apresenta uma metáfora muito interessante logo nos dois primeiros versos: “Quem quere passar além do Bojador / Tem que passar além da dor.”, versos que tentamos entender e elucidar aqui. Na medida do possível.

Escrito em 1922, o poema, que faz parte da fase nacionalista do poeta, é totalmente voltado a enaltecer os feitos de Portugal.

No momento histórico imediatamente anterior às Grandes Navegações os limites marítimos do mundo ocidental iam pouco além do Mediterrâneo. Cruzar o estreito de Gibraltar, ir um pouco acima pelos mares do Norte e aventurar-se um pouco abaixo pela costa africana já eram feitos épicos.

Bojador é um cabo que fica na costa noroeste da África, onde hoje é o Saara Ocidental. Até 1434, o Bojador era o limite, não só para portugueses, mas também para todos os povos peninsulares. O cabo Bojador era também conhecido como o “Cabo do medo” ou o “Cabo do não”. Pois em torno dele se dissipava um terror supersticioso, visto que a região era de difícil navegação e ninguém ousava ultrapassá-lo. Naquele ano o navegador português Gil Eanes, conseguiu o feito de ir além do Bojador. Desde então, em Portugal, o Cabo do Bojador passou a ter um grande significado, o significado de último limite do homem e do seu mundo.

Portanto, ir além do Bojador, como aludido no poema, significa superar seus próprios limites, ir além do mundo conhecido e descobrir novos caminhos, sejam eles geográficos, comportamentais ou tecnológicos.

O outro lado da mensagem do verso (Tem que passar além da dor) é que a superação de limites exige sacrifício, empenho e dor. Este é o outro limite a ser superado: o limite do próprio ser humano. Nada é de graça. Não há recompensa sem esforço.

Desde essa época o homem já superou muitos limites. Já cruzou o Cabo das Tormentas, já chegou á Lua, ao mundo virtual. Sabe-se lá aonde mais podemos chegar superando nossos próprios limites.

“Mar português” tem ainda muita riqueza a ser desvendada. Pegue um livro de Pessoa e lance suas esquadras ao mar!
Boa semana!
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